The Freedmen`s Bureau, established in the post-war period to support millions of former slaves, had to inform the freed people that they could either sign employment contracts with plantation pots or be expelled from the country they had occupied. Those who refused or resisted were eventually driven out by army forces. The lease did not necessarily correspond to poverty, but in the southern plain of the counties and in the Oklahoma Triangle of Southeastern, the rent turned into the same poverty system that existed in South and Texas. The owners only entered into leases through one-year oral contracts. At the end of the year, most of the tenants moved in search of a better place. The owners encouraged the move because it prevented the development of an established tenant. Due to a constant surplus of tenants or tenants, as they were called, landlords easily recruited new tenants at the end of the harvest year, often on even more favourable terms for the landlord. In 1920, two-thirds of tenants moved from one company to another. A growing national problem in the 1930s, the southern campaign lease ended abruptly during and after World War II. Government programs, mechanization and their own inefficiency have driven tenants out of the countryside.
Jobs and a better way of life attracted them to the city. The well-known history of the Okies and their migration to California illustrates the end of the rent of the South Farm. Few Americans would deplore the transition of such a system. Users agree not to download, copy, edit, sell, rent, rent, reprint, print or distribute these documents without permission from the Oklahoma Historical Society, or link them to these materials on another website. Individual users must determine whether their use of materials falls within the “fair use” policy of U.S. copyright law and not the property rights of the Oklahoma Historical Society as the legal copyright holder of the Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and totally or totally violated. It is clear that the kind of black plantation-oriented “sharecropping” that existed in the deep south after the Civil War never evolved in Oklahoma. In fact, the number of black shares, which were only 4,560 in 1930, was quite small. It is interesting to note that there were 16,495 white sharecroppers at the same time. In general, black harvesters and tenants had smaller, less productive farms, lowering their standard of living and making rural management even more precarious.