Some clauses indicate the amount of freight to be paid, as well as the nature and date of payment. A clause may specify the duration of loading and unloading, communally known as “ing,” and for unloading the vessel, when the vessel is immobilized beyond the edging. As a general rule, there is also a clause that requires the merchant to bear the risk and costs to transport the cargo to the ship and retrieve it during delivery. Another clause stipulates that the master must sign bill of lading for the cargo, either at the same rate to be paid after the charter holiday, or generally at a certain freight rate (with the provision that if the total cargo is under the total cargo to be paid under the charter portion, the charterers pay the difference to the master before the ship sails). There is usually the so-called cease clause, by which ceases the liability of the charterer according to the party chartered when shipping the cargo, the shipowner takes a pawn on the freight for the freight, the dead freight and the insanity. The charter part is subject to exceptions similar to those of bill of lading. As a general rule, other clauses provide for commissions paid to brokers at the signing of the charter party, the address fee paid to the agents for the ship in the unloading port and other details.  The clauses vary in the charter parts, but describes the above, which is typical. The contract law is a branch of general contract law. The rights and obligations of the shipowner and the carrier depend, as in the case of all contracting parties, on the terms of the agreement reached between them.  This legislation, whether it is a common law or a statutory law governing the obligations of goods by sea, is of the utmost importance in cases where transport is carried out without written agreement.
It is therefore appropriate to consider the first agreements, written or oral, in which there is no explicit oral or written agreement, except with regard to freight and the destination of goods, and in which, therefore, the rights and obligations of the parties with respect to all other conditions of transport depend entirely on the legislation, while always recalling that the same rules apply if there is a written contract. unless they are qualified or denied by the terms of this contract.  In the absence of a written contractual agreement, the rights of the parties depend on legislation or guarantees or promises which, although not expressly related to the relationship between the shipper and the carrier, are implicit.  A party to the charter for a voyage is a formal agreement between the ship`s owner and the charterers, in which they agree that the vessel is loaded with a particular cargo at a specific location – and the vessel, once loaded, goes directly to a specific place or place to designate at a certain berth.  where the cargo is delivered.